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Finding objects with hypothesis testing

  1. Franceschi, F. Odone, F. Smeraldi and A. Verri, in: Proceedings of the Workshop on Learning for Adaptable Visual Systems (LAVS), in conjunction with ICPR'04, Cambridge, UK, August 2004


We present a trainable method for detecting objects in images from positive examples, based on hypothesis testing. During training a large number of image features is computed and the empirical probability distribution of each measurement is estimated from the available examples. Through a two-step feature selection method we obtain a subset of N discriminative and pairwise independent features. At run time, a hypothesis test is performed for each feature at a fixed level of significance. The null hypothesis is, in each case, the presence of the object. An object is detected if at least M of the N tests are passed. The overall significance level depends on M as well as on the level of the single tests. We report experiments on face detection, using the CBCL-MIT database for training and validation, and images randomly downloaded from the Web for testing. The image measurements we use for these experiments include grey level values, integral measurements, and ranklets. Comparisons with whole face detectors indicate that the method is able to generalize from positive examples only and reaches state-of-the-art recognition rates.

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