This table shows the repetitions, potential mislabelings and distortions we find in the GTZAN dataset. Excerpt numbers are in parentheses. In brief, exact repetitions are those excerpts that are the same with respect to a comparison of their time-frequency content. Recording repetitions are those excerpts we suspect coming from the same recording. Artist repetitions are those excerpts featuring the same artists. Version repetitions are covers of the same song. Potential mislabelings are excerpts we argue are misplaced with regards to the category top tags of its GTZAN category. Distortions are those excerpts that we regard as having a significant amount of distortion.

More detils can be found in: B. L. Sturm, "The State of the Art Ten Years After ``A State of the Art": Implications for Future Research in Music Information Retrieval", J. New Music Research, vol 43, no. 2, pp. 147-172, 2014. Alternatively, see this article. An index of the contents of GTZAN is available here.

Click on the buttons to play excerpts in GTZAN. The rows correspond to the categories in GTZAN, and the numbers in a row refer to the file number, e.g., "42" in the classical row refers to the file "classical.00042.wav".

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GTZANRepetitionsPotential MislabelingsDistortions
Blues John Lee Hooker (0-11); Robert Johnson (12-28); Kelly Joe Phelps (29-39); Stevie Ray Vaughn (40-49); Magic Slim (50-60); Clifton Chenier (61-72); Buckwheat Zydeco (73-84); Hot Toddy (85-97); Albert Collins (98, 99)

J. S. Bach (00-10); Mozart (11-29); Debussy (30-33); Ravel (34-37); Dutilleux (38-41); Schubert (63-67); Haydn (68-76); Grainger (82-88); Vivaldi (89-99); and others

Country Willie Nelson (19,26,65-80); Vince Gill (50-64); Brad Paisley (81-93); George Strait (94-99); and others
Ray Peterson 'Tell Laura I Love Her'
Burt Bacharach 'Raindrops Keep Falling on my Head'
Karl Denver 'Love Me With All Your Heart'
Wayne Toups & Zydecajun 'Johnnie Can't Dance'
Johnny Preston 'Running Bear'


Gloria Gaynor (1,21, 38,78); Ottawan (17,24,44,45); The Gibson Brothers (22,28,30,35,37); KC and The Sunshine Band (49-51,69,70,71,73,74); ABBA (67,68,72); and others Boz Scaggs 'Lowdown'
Cheryl Lynn 'Encore'
The Sugarhill Gang 'Rapper's Delight'
Evelyn Thomas 'Heartless'
Barbra Streisand and Donna Summer 'No More Tears (Enough Is Enough)'
Tom Tom Club 'Wordy Rappinghood'
Blondie 'Heart Of Glass'
Bronski Beat 'WHY?'


Wu-Tang Clan (1,7,41,42); Beastie Boys (8-25); A Tribe Called Quest (46-51,62-75); Cypress Hill (55-61); Public Enemy (81-98); and others
3LW 'No More (Baby I'ma Do Right)'
Aaliyah 'Try Again'
Pink 'Can't Take Me Home'
Lauryn Hill 'Ex-Factor'


James Carter (2-10); Joe Lovano (11-24); Branford Marsalis Trio (25-32); Coleman Hawkins (33-46,51,53,55,57, 58,60,62,65,67-72); Dexter Gordon (73-77); Miles Davis (87-92); Joe Henderson (94-99); and others Leonard Bernstein 'On the Town'
Leonard Bernstein 'Symphonic dances'


Dark Tranquillity (12-15); Dio (40-45,61-66); The New Bomb Turks (46-57); Queen (58-60); Metallica (33,38,73, 75,78,83,87); Iron Maiden (2,5,34,92-94); Rage Against the Machine (95-99); and others

Creed 'I'm Eighteen'
Living Colour 'Glamour Boys'
The New Bomb Turks 'Hammerless Nail'
The New Bomb Turks 'Jukebox Lean'
The New Bomb Turks 'Jeers of a Clown'
Queen 'Tie Your Mother Down'
Queen 'Tear it up'
Queen 'We Will Rock You'


Mandy Moore (00,87-96); Mariah Carey (2,97-99); Alanis Morissette (3-9); Celine Dion (11,39,40); Britney Spears (15-38); Christina Aguilera (44-51,80); Destiny's Child (52-62); Janet Jackson (67-73); Jennifer Lopez (74-78,82); Madonna (84-86); and others

Diana Ross 'Ain't No Mountain High Enough'
Prince 'The Beautiful Ones'
Kate Bush 'Couldbusting'
Ladysmith Black Mambazo 'Leaning On The Everlasting Arm'
Madonna 'Cherish'


Bob Marley (00-27,54-60); Dennis Brown (46-48,64-68,71); Prince Buster (85,94-99); Burning Spear (33,42,44,50, 63); Gregory Isaacs (70,76-78); and others

Pras 'Ghetto Supastar (That Is What You Are)'
Marcia Griffiths 'Electric Boogie'

Rock Morphine (0-9); Ani DiFranco (10-15); Queen (16-26); The Rolling Stones (28-31,33,35,37); Led Zeppelin (32,39-48); Simple Minds (49-56); Sting (57-63); Jethro Tull (64-70); Simply Red (71-78); Survivor (79-85); The Stone Roses (91-99) Morphine 'Hanging On A Curtain'
Queen '(You're So Square) Baby I Don't Care'
Billy Joel 'Movin' Out'
Guns N' Roses 'Knockin' On Heaven's Door'
Led Zeppelin 'The Song Remains The Same'
Led Zeppelin 'The Crunge'
Led Zeppelin 'Dancing Days'
Led Zeppelin 'The Ocean'
Led Zeppelin 'Ten Years Gone'
Led Zeppelin 'Night Flight'
Led Zeppelin 'The Wanton Song'
Led Zeppelin 'Boogie With Stu'
Simply Red 'She's Got It Bad'
Simply Red 'Wonderland'
Survivor 'Is This Love'
Survivor 'Desperate Dreams'
Survivor 'How Much Love'
The Tokens 'The Lion Sleeps Tonight'