ICA 2007

ICA 2007
7th International Conference on
Independent Component Analysis
and Signal Separation

London, UK        9 - 12 September 2007

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Paper No: 82

Pivot selection strategies in Jacobi joint block-diagonalization

Author(s): Cédric Févotte, Fabian Theis


A common problem in independent component analysis after prewhitening is to optimize some contrast on the orthogonal or unitary group. A popular approach is to optimize the contrast only with respect to a single angle (Givens rotation) and to iterate this procedure. In this paper we discuss the choice of the sequence of rotations for such so-called Jacobi-based techniques, in the context of joint block-diagonalization (JBD). Indeed, extensive simulations with synthetical data, reported in the paper, illustrates the sensitiveness of this choice, as standard cyclic sweeps appear to often lead to non-optimal solutions. While not being able to guarantee convergence to an optimal solution, we propose a new schedule which, from empirical testing, considerably increases the chances to achieve global minimization of the criterion. We also point out the interest of initializing JBD with the output of joint-diagonalization (JD), corroborating the idea that JD could in fact perform JBD up to permutations, as conjuctured in previous works.

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