Paul Brossier

Contact Details

Title: Research Assistant
Tel: Internal: [13] 5528
National: 020 7882 5528
International: +44 20 7882 5528
National: 020 7882 7997
International: +44 20 7882 7997
Room: Eng. 112

Research Group / Lab: DSP & Multimedia / Centre for Digital Music

Research Project: Real-time object based audio coding

Research Interests

My research focuses on the problem of describing a live audio source into a sequence of labelled objects, that is have a computational system able to sing the notes while the musician is playing them, as a well trained hear would do. The source is typically a solo instrument, while the extracted objects range from onsets offsets to pitch, notes or harmonics.

So far, we have been focused on onset detections and pitch estimation. These analysis modules have been implemented through the techniques developed here at Queen Mary University, by Samer Abdallah, Juan Pablo Bello and Chris Duxbury. The algorithms have been adapted to work in a real-time context, within 15 ms latency or less. Together, they allow us to extract note objects within the same latency.

Constructing a semantic description of the audio source, we can send its description to a synthesiser, providing a virtual accompaniment to the musician. Typically, the extracted notes are sent to a MIDI synthetiser. Other synthesis approaches such are physical modeling are also being investigated.

This project is closely related to MPEG-4 Structured Audio content, a subset of the MPEG-4 standard, that includes the MIDI and SoundFont norms. Extracted features will also feed some MPEG-7 descriptors of the SIMAC project.


M. E. P. Davies, P. Brossier and M. D. Plumbley. Beat Tracking Towards Automatic Musical Accompaniment. In Proceedings of the AES 118th Convention, Barcelona, May 28-31, 2005.

P. Brossier, J. P. Bello and M. D. Plumbley. Real-time temporal segmentation of note objects in music signals. In Proceedings of the International Computer Music Conference (ICMC 2004), Florida, USA, November 1-6, 2004

P. Brossier, J. P. Bello and M. D. Plumbley. Fast labelling of notes in music signals. In Proceedings of the 5th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval (ISMIR 2004), pp 331-336, Barcelona, Spain, October 10-14, 2004.

P. Brossier, M. Sandler, and M. Plumbley, "Matching Live Sources with Physical Models", In Proceedings of the International Conference on Digital Audio Effects (DAFx-03), pp. 305-307, 2003.

P. Brossier, M. Sandler, and M. Plumbley, "Real Time Object Based Coding," In Proceedings of the AES 114th Convention, Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 2003.