Distinguished Seminar - Stéphane Mallat: Learning Music,Images and Physics with Deep Neural Networks
Open to: Academic, Public, Student Admission: Free Ticketing:
Big data, huge memory and computational capacity are opening a scientific world which did not seem reachable just a few years ago. Besides brute-force computational power, algorithms are evolving quickly. In particular, deep neural networks provide impressive classification results for many types of data, including music, images, natural languages, and physical data. However, it has become an experimental computational science where mathematics lies far behind.
A major challenge of learning is to avoid the combinatorial explosion which grows exponentially with the number of variables. We show that deep neural networks can circumvent this curse of dimensionality by providing invariant representations adapted to the signal geometry. This geometry is obviously different for music, images, or the state space of a quantum chemical system, but hierarchical invariants can be implemented on similar deep scattering networks, with wavelet filters and non-linearities. Numerical applications will be shown on audio signals, image classifications, and regressions of quantum chemistry energies.
About the Speaker:
Stéphane Mallat received the Ph.D. degree in electrical engineering from the University of Pennsylvania, in 1988. He was then Professor at the Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences, until 1994. In 1995, he became Professor in Applied Mathematics at École Polytechnique, Paris and Department Chair in 2001. From 2001 to 2007 he was co-founder and CEO of a semiconductor start-up company. In 2012 he joined the Computer Science Department of École Normale Supérieure, in Paris.
Stéphane Mallat’s research interests include learning, signal processing, and harmonic analysis. He is a member of the French Academy of sciences, an IEEE Fellow and an EUSIPCO Fellow. In 1997, he received the Outstanding Achievement Award from the SPIE Society and was a plenary lecturer at the International Congress of Mathematicians in 1998. He also received the 2004 European IST Grand prize, the 2004 INIST-CNRS prize for most cited French researcher in engineering and computer science, the 2007 EADS grand prize of the French Academy of Sciences, the 2013 Innovation medal of the CNRS, and the 2015 IEEE Signal Processing best sustaining paper award.